Shooting Projectiles

This tutorial explains how to create the effect of shooting, launching, or throwing an object. The code in this article does not simulate velocity or parabolic motion, but to a projectile that, after the initial force, is not acted upon by any traditional force (gravity, wind, etc.), though it may be obstructed by walls or targets.

In each example, the projectile shoots when the space key is pressed, but the trigger can be any Boolean Block.

Two sprites, no cloning

These scripts require two sprites; a player sprite and a projectile sprite. No cloning is used.

Semi-Automatic

This script requires the player to release the trigger button before firing again. This reduces the rate of fire:


when gf clicked // in the player's character sprite
forever
wait until <key [space v] pressed?>
broadcast [shoot v] and wait
wait until <not <key [space v] pressed?>> // the player can only shoot once at a time
end

when I receive [shoot v] //in the projectile sprite
go to [You v] //start at the player
show
repeat until <<touching [intended target(s) v]?> or <touching [edge v]?>> //moves the sprite until it is touching something that will make it go away
move (10) steps
end
hide

Automatic

This script allows the player to simply hold the trigger button for continuous fire:

when gf clicked //in player's sprite
forever 
wait until <[space v] key pressed?>
broadcast [shoot v] and wait
wait (0.1) secs // does not wait for the trigger to be released; change to amount of seconds between each shot
end

when I receive [shoot v] //in projectile sprite
go to [You v]
show
repeat until <<touching [intended target(s) v]?> or <touching [edge v]?>>
move (10) steps
end
hide

Two sprites, one cloning the other

This method is similar to the one above, only it incorporates cloning to allow for more than one bullet on the screen at once. Once again, both a player sprite and a projectile sprite are needed.

Semi-Automatic

when gf clicked // in player sprite
forever
wait until <[space v] key pressed?>
create clone of [bullet v] // clones the projectile sprite
wait until <not <[space v] key pressed?>>
end

when I start as a clone // in projectile sprite
repeat until <<touching [intended target(s) v]?> or <touching [edge v]?>>
    move (10) steps
end
delete this clone

Automatic

when gf clicked // in player sprite
forever
wait until <[space v] key pressed?>
create clone of [bullet v]
wait (0.1) secs // change to amount of seconds between each shot
end

when I start as a clone // in projectile sprite
repeat until <<touching [intended target(s) v]?> or <touching [edge v]?>>
    move (10) steps
end
delete this clone

One sprite cloning itself

This method is more efficient because it only requires one sprite with two costumes: the player and the projectile.

Semi-Automatic

when gf clicked
switch costume to [player v]
forever
wait until <[space v] key pressed?>
create clone of [myself v]
wait until <not <[space v] key pressed?>>
end

when I start as a clone
switch costume to [bullet v] // makes the clone look like a projectile
repeat until <<touching [intended target(s) v]?> or <touching [edge v]?>
move (10) steps
end
delete this clone


Automatic

when gf clicked
switch costume to [player v] // makes sure the parent sprite looks like the player
forever
wait until <[space v] key pressed?>
create clone of [myself v]
wait (0.1) secs // change to amount of seconds between each shot
end

when I start as a clone
switch costume to [bullet v] // makes the clone look like a projectile
repeat until <<touching [intended target(s) v]?> or <touching [edge v]?>
move (10) steps
end
delete this clone

Tips

  • To make the projectile aim at your mouse pointer, place the following block after the "go to x: () y: ()" block:
point towards [mouse-pointer v]
  • If the length of the sprite is less than 10 pixels, replace both 10's with at most the length of the sprite, or the sprite may pass through its intended targets.
  • You can also change the length of the sprite's costume so that it will still detect the intended targets.
  • This page was last modified on 21 September 2014, at 00:51.