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Case Sensing

This article or section documents the current version of Scratch (version 2.0). For this article in Scratch 1.4, see Case Sensing (1.4).

Case sensing is a more difficult process than in Scratch 1.4 due to more restrictions on what is and is not case sensitive. In order to accomplish case sensing in Scratch 2.0, a sprite consisting of 53 costumes must be used.

53 Costume Method

The naming of costumes itself is not case-sensitive — one cannot name two costumes the same letter but in a different case (for example, an individual sprite cannot have a costume called "a" and one called "A"). However, the blocks in the Switch Costume to () series are case-sensitive. The scripting method below shows how to set a variable to "upper" or "lower" in accordance with the case of a specified letter. First, the following procedure on the naming of costumes must be done in order for this to work:

  • The very first costume must have the name "null" or any other non-interfering name
  • Next, beginning with the very first letter of the alphabet, name the next costume "A" (capitalized)
  • The following costume must be named "at" or "a[any other letter]", except the second letter must be consistent throughout the paternal naming
  • Repeat the second and third steps for the rest of the alphabet. This means the next three costumes are "B", "bt", and "C". It is finished once the entire alphabet is complete.

After completing the naming of all 53 costumes, assure that they are in order, and proceed to the scripting. The following script uses a custom block to detect if a letter entered into the string input is capitalized or not.

define detect case of letter [character]
if <not <(length of (character)) = (1)>> then
    set [case v] to [error!] //indicates that more than one character was entered, or there was no length
    stop [this script v]
end
switch costume to [null v] //it should be your very first costume
switch costume to (character) //if the character is lowercase, it will stay on "null"
if <(costume #) = (1)> then //if the sprite never changed costumes due to the letter being lowercase
    switch costume to (join (character) [t]) //all lowercase costumes end in "t" or your lettered choice (refer to pattern above)
end
if <(costume #) = (1)> then //if the sprite still has not changed costume
    set [case v] to [other] //indicates that a non-alphabetic character was used
    stop [this script v]
end 
if <((costume #) mod (2)) = (0)> then //if the costume is at an interval of "2", meaning it is a capital letter costume
    set [case v] to [upper] //defines that the letter is uppercase
    else
    set [case v] to [lowercase]
end
 

Two Costume Method

Costumes are case-sensitive, which may be exploited for case sensing. Two costumes are necessary. One must be called ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ.

define isUppercase (char)
set [supportedChars v] to [ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ]
set [i v] to [1]
set [str v] to []
repeat (length of (supportedChars))
    if <(letter (i) of (supportedChars)) = (char)> then
        set [str v] to (join(str)(char))
    else
        set [str v] to (join(str)(letter (i) of (supportedChars))
    end
    change [i v] by [1]
end
switch costume to [null v] //This is the second costume
switch costume to (str)
if <(costume #) = [1]> then //The first costume is ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
    set [isUpperCase v] to [true]
else
    set [isUpperCase v] to [false]
end

54 Variables Method

Variables names can also be used to check the case of a character. For example, you can have a variable named "A" and a variable named "a". This method is faster than the 53 costumes method and 2 costumes method, which is the only reason you would ever use this method.

Warning Warning: This method uses a few edited blocks that can be obtained by editing the JSON of a scratch project, use an above method if you don't feel like you are ready to edit JSON files or use edited blocks appropriately.

define Create Vars
set [Characters v] to [ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz]
set [p1 v] to [1]
repeat (26)
  set (letter (p1) of (Characters)) to [1]
  change [p1 v] by (1)
end
repeat (26)
  set (letter (p1) of (Characters)) to [0]//these edited blocks were used to speed up the process of creating 52 variables, they are not necessary, but saves the trouble of having to manually create and set 52 separate variables 
  change [p1 v] by (1)
end
define Check if [Letter] is Uppercase
if <((Letter) of [Sprite1 v]) = [1]> then//This edited block checks the value of a variable in a specific sprite, replace Sprite1 with whatever sprite you ran the Create Vars custom block on
  set [isUppercase v] to [yes]
else
  set [isUppercase v] to [no]
  • This page was last modified on 21 July 2017, at 09:55.