Alternatives to Scratch
(Redirected from Moving On)
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Reason: This just seems to be a random collection of languages that people might use. There's not really any unifying theme or anything about their relation to Scratch, especially in the text-based language section.
Alternatives to Scratch are other programs and languages used for similar purposes. Though Scratch can be an amazing resource for learning to code and expressing one's talents, if one is very serious, he or she may need to advance to other languages. Most of these alternatives are free like Scratch, but some of them cost money to use.
In software development there are two main fields:
- Programming — the code for the application
- Modeling / Art — the visual interface of an application
Learning the basic syntax
While Scratch teaches basic programming concepts, it does not teach syntax for many common languages.
Drag and Drop Programming
- Stencyl: Stencyl has an interface similar to Scratch, but it has slightly more advanced editing features.
- Alice: Alice features 3D projects. This is much harder than 2D Scratch programming because one must learn about 3D programming: occlusion, vectors, etc. which are important topics.
- Android App Inventor: The Android App Inventor by Google allows Android apps to be created with a simple, Scratch-like interface. In fact, it was based on Scratch and coded by a team at MIT.
- Starlogo-TNG: Supports 3D models and terrain. Block-based, and meant for simulations and education purposes. Created by the MIT STEP group.
- Gamefroot: An online game creation software for creating side-scrolling games. It has a drag and drop block editor for advanced scripting.
- Pocket Code: A visual programming language and app for Android, iOS, and Windows Phone smartphones, tablets, and HTML5 enabled mobile browsers. It is inspired by Scratch and developed by the Catrobat team as free open source software.
- Hopscotch: An iOS-based application which is similar to Scratch but is simpler and easier to use. It's somewhat based in the middle of Scratch and ScratchJr. Hopscotch is primarily for iPad, with the player being the only thing accessible on other devices.
- BeetleBlocks: A GUI-based programming language, based off Scratch, which can be used for 3D modeling, unlike Alice.
- GameSalad: A drag-and-drop programming software, aimed at inexperienced coders, which allows anyone to create games easily.
Text-based programming is done through a programming language. Here are several:
|Java||Java was originally created and popularized as a platform-independent programming language. In modern day, Java is a general purpose language.|
|Python||Python is a general-purpose coding language with emphasis on readability. There are also libraries available for communicating with Scratch and reading/writing Scratch files.||
|C, C#, C++||C is a language originally praised for its portability. C# and C++ are based off of C. Nowadays, they are often used in operating systems and embedded systems. They are also commonly taught languages.||
|Flash||Flash is a general purpose coding language. Flash provides powerful libraries for graphics and animations. It is, however, not free.||
|Lua||Lua is a lightweight programming language which uses multiple paradigms. Lua is used in many games such as ROBLOX.||
|HTML & CSS||Websites are coded in HTML & CSS. The basics are simple to learn.||
|Logo||Logo is the predecessor to Scratch, created by MIT. It is text-based, however, with commands closely resembling those of Scratch. It provides a single sprite, a turtle, which is used to draw via a set of Pen instructions. It has procedures (which may output values), recursion and first class lists.||n/a|
- GameMaker: GameMaker is quite similar to Scratch, except it also allows the option of typing commands and features commands geared more towards making games, whereas Scratch is more open. It is a good introduction to text-based programming and debugging. It is not free, but a free version is available with less features.
- Godot: Godot is an open-source game engine. Godot uses its own programming language, GDScript.
- See also: Three Dimensional Projects
|Note:||Before trying 3D animation, it is recommended to master 2D animation, as some aspects of 3D animation can be confusing.|
|Note:||3D animation software can be rigged to make 2D animations.|
- See also: Two Dimensional Objects
- Adobe Animate
- Flipnote Studio 3D (only compatible with Nintendo 3DS, availability can be varied, can be also used for 3D animation)