Removing an Item from a List (by Value)

Using the delete () of () list block, one can remove a specified item from a list based on its numerical value in the list, but there is no individual block that removes an item (or multiple items) which contains a specified string from a list. This tutorial will show how to remove an item from a list based on the string stored within the item.

Project Situations

There could be a number of purposes why one would need to remove an item from a list based on its value (or string). The following are possible situations:

  • A list contains of items found, and the items are in random order based on when they were discovered; later, you give one item away, and the list must remove that specified item based on its name from the list.
  • A grocery list being broken down as items are bought

Programming

The following script can be used to program this. For this script, assume the following:

  • "item#" is a variable used to iterate through the list until finding the desired item.
  • the list's name is "gems".
  • the item which is desired to be removed is the string "ruby".
Warning Note: this first method only removes the first instance of the specified string. The next method removes all instances of the specified string.
set [item# v] to (1) //so the process begins with the first item
if <[gems v] contains [ruby]> then //if it does not, then the list cannot delete the item, and the script will not run further
repeat until <(item (item#) of [gems v]) = [ruby]> //it will stop once it reaches the first item that is "ruby"
change [item# v] by (1) //moves to the next item in the list to check if it is a "ruby"
end
delete (item#) of [gems v]
end

This second method removes all items that are the specified string instead of just the first:

set [item# v] to (1) //so the process begins at item 1 of "gems"
if <[gems v] contains [ruby]> then //if the list at all contains "ruby"
repeat until < (item#) > (length of [gems v])> //repeat until iterated through the entire list
if <(item (item#) of [gems v]) = [ruby]> then //if the current item is the specified string
delete (item#) of [gems v] //then remove that item
else
change [item# v] by (1) //move to the next item
end
  • This page was last modified on 9 July 2017, at 03:37.